The ruling was triggered by lawsuits filed by three asylum seekers currently resident in Belgium and the Czech Republic. The two EU member nations rejected their claims or revoked their refugee statuses after the plaintiffs were found guilty of serious crimes, including blackmail, robbery, and murder.
In the Tuesday ruling, the ECJ stated that migrants can lose their refugee status after committing crimes. However, they also said such people would still be considered refugees by the Geneva Convention.
Read more: German states look to reintegration to reduce migrant crime
No lawful stay, 'merely' presenceIn some cases, the Geneva Convention itself allows deportation of migrants even when there is a risk of persecution, namely when there's a demonstrable risk to security in the host country.
However, EU countries also operate under Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, which is based on the Geneva accords but goes a step further.
"The Charter prohibits, in absolute terms, torture and inhuman or degrading punishment or treatment, irrespective of the conduct of the person concerned, as well as removal to a State where there is a serious risk of a person being subjected to such treatment," the Luxembourg-based court said in a statement.
This rule prevents EU nations from deporting criminal refugees in such cases, although it can enable them to revoke their refugee status and take other punitive steps.
The court said that regulation on granting protection does "not require a lawful stay, but merely the refugee's physical presence in the territory of the host Member State."
dj/msh (dpa, KNA, AFP)
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