JAKARTA - It is not easy to be a political party for the election participants. Evidently, out of 73 political parties registered in the Ministry of Justice and Human Rights (Kemenkum HAM), only 27 political parties have registered themselves as candidates for the 2019 General Election.
This number is known based on the number of political parties who handed over the management documents and their membership to the General Election Commission (KPU) until the closing of the registration of 00.00 pm Monday night. When compared with the 2014 election, this number dropped dramatically. At that time, the number of parties that signed up reached 46 parties. Although then the number was eliminated to 34 after the administrative research process, it shrank back to 12 parties after the factual verification process.
From 27 political parties, most register on the last day, ie 13 political parties. The parties are the National Awakening Party (PKB), People's Party, Democrat Party, United National Unity Party (PPB), Islam Damai Aman (Idaman) Party, Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (PKP), Indonesian Working Party (PIKA), Crescent Star Party (UN), Indonesian Employers and Workers Party, Swara Rakyat Indonesia (Parsindo) Party, Republik Party, Marhaenis PNI and Reform Party.
The political parties that have already signed up are the Persatuan Indonesia Party (Perindo), Prosperous Justice Party (PKS), National Mandate Party (PAN), Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), Hanura Party, NasDem Party, Gerindra Party, United Development Party (PPP) and Golkar Party
Chairman of KPU, Arief Budiman who confirmed the shrinking number of political parties that register is reluctant to comment. According to him the work of election organizers is limited to carrying out the law regulation to open registration for parties with legal status and access the political party information system (Sipol) to register themselves as candidates for election 2019.
"So it is not appropriate if the question was submitted to us, because we only work according to the mandated," said Arief.
Similarly, KPU Commissioner Wahyu Setiawan also stressed that the organizers focus is not on how many political parties register but the same opportunity for political parties to register themselves as candidates for election.
"The organizers' attention is aimed at the process after the registration process is closed overnight, ie completing the process of evaluating the newly submitted political party documents on the last day of registration," he said.
Based on the inspection process of the previous documents, KPU should at least take six hours to check the completeness of the submitted files. KPU has not been able to determine whether the parties submitting the documents on the last day are given further opportunities to complete the required file deficiencies. The new policy will be granted after the finished file inspection.
KPU has not been able to ascertain when the data in the Sipol can be known to the public at large. Public can access after all the registration process is complete.
Members of the Election Supervisory Board (Bawaslu) Rahmat Bagja saw the decline in the interest of the party to register as a candidate for 2019 election participants can not be separated from the presence of sipol. Sipol has made the party more serious in handling administrative matters.
"That means the sipol makes barrier for entry," Bagja said.
According to him, what needs to be anticipated from the reduced number of signing parties is their potential (failed to register) using the disputed route in Bawaslu to get away as electoral participants.